Government of the Rosebourg Monarchy
The Rosebourg Monarchy is a Constitutional Monarchy where the King or Queen retains most of his or her traditional powers. Those who are bonded with the King or Queen enjoy great influence amongst the hierarchy of the Monarchy as well and are considered to be equally important decision makers in the Monarchy.
The political sphere of the Monarchy is an inclusive one that has been relatively successful in embracing the cultural and political diversity that exists within the Monarchy. As a result, the fragmentation that is more prominent in society isn't duplicated in the political sphere.
The Monarchy as it stands in 2504 is the result of centuries of aggressive expansionism. Military conquest made the Monarchy's borders grow, a stark contrast to the peaceful integration being experienced in the Luna Minoris Confederacy of Non-Aligned Worlds just next door. Whilst the days of military conquest are numbered for the Monarchy, there are still a number of wounds that continue to threaten the stability of the Government.
The Free-Avran Movement, and the Movement for Métis Empowerment have both turned to violence and terrorism to try and destabilise the Rosebourg Monarchy and restore (or instate) independence to a number of worlds. These radical movements have on a number of occasions forced politicians to take heed to their demands. The presence of these movements has in many respects forced a de-radicalisation of the central government. Fearful of reprisal, the central government seeks to adopt measures and policies that will please the largest number of civilians possible.
Multi-Level Governance in the Monarchy
The Rosebourg Monarchy takes decision at many different levels of governance. Its multi-level governance means that a huge amount of decisions are actually taken at the lowest level possible. The Monarchy operates under a principle of subsidiarity, in which the lowest governance possible should handle as much of the decisions as possible. As such, if something can be fixed at the local level, other levels shouldn't be involved in the decision making process.
The Monarchy has officially 6 levels of governance, which handle the complicated task of running one of the largest interstellar empires ever constructed. These levels are: the local level (usually represented either as a village, town, or city), followed by the sub-regional level (usually a group of either several dozens or hundreds of villages, towns, cities), followed by the regional level (usually a group of several hundreds or thousands villages, towns, cities). These are the levels which are the closest connected to the people.
Many politicians, however, aspire to go beyond these levels of governance. A great number of decisions and directions are taken at the higher levels of governance. Monarchy planets also have a planetary level. Star systems too have their own levels. Each of the 3 provinces of the Rosebourg Monarchy has their own high governments.
At the top of the decision-making chain is the Royal Council which is responsible for all high-level day-to-day governance decisions, in cooperation (or sometimes opposition) with the Royal Court. The Royal Council and the Royal Court are supposed to advise the King, the Queen, and the King's Bonded One, are supposed to propose new legislative measures, and often sit in policy-domain specific Councils that aid the King in his role as sovereign ruler of the Monarchy.
The King/Queen - Sovereign of a Large Interstellar Power
In the Rosebourg Monarchy, all eyes rest on the King/Queen who with the support of their bonded ones is the executive branch of the Rosebourg Monarchy. Few individuals in the Known Galaxy exercise as much political influence as the King/Queen.
The Rosebourg King/Queen is a hereditary one, an ancestor of Alexander I Rosebourg, s/he is usually the eldest son or daughter of the King/Queen that preceded them. When that individual is not existent, it is the eldest son or daughter of the next eldest brother or sister of the King/Queen that takes the throne.
The Sovereign has sole responsibility for the conduct of foreign affairs. In a number of other policy domains, the Royal Council must also gather royal assent in order to pass legislation. The King/Queen has an executive veto that s/he can use at any moment. This has often caused a great deal of friction between the King/Queen and the Royal Council.
The King/Queen can singularly pass edicts, which are the King/Queen's Executive Orders and are immediately enforceable all through the land. The King/Queen doesn't need to consult anyone before passing these edicts, not even the Royal Council or the Royal Court. However, in the past four centuries, the Kings and Queens of the Monarchy have rarely failed to consult and ensure the backing of both the Council and the Court before passing any edicts.
Edicts have in the past proven crucial documents for the formation of the Rosebourg state. Below are some of the most influential of the Royal Edicts passed by a Rosebourg King or Queen:
- First Royal Edict (the Rosebourg Constitution)
- Royal Edict on Centralization
- Royal Edict on Colonization
- Royal Edict on Military Mobility
- Royal Edict on Peaceful Co-Existence in Space
- Royal Edict on the Protection of the Monarchy
- Royal Edict Search for Natashan Nation
The Crown - Court and Sovereign Combined
The Crown is not entirely the same as the King/Queen of the Monarchy, although many news services confuse the two. The Crown is not just the King or Queen; it is also his bonded-ones, as well as the Royal Court, which is appointed by the King or Queen.
Amongst the powers vested in the Crown include the ability to summarily dismiss the entire Royal Council and can override popular votes of Provincial Governments if it feels the results are contrary to the interests of the Monarchy. The Crown can also review any appointments made by the Provincial Governments (thought it has not elected to do so in well over 500 years).
There is a constant struggle of power pitting the Crown against the Council, this power struggle has threatened to erupt into full blown civil wars in the past, although the Monarchy has fallen just short of imploding. The recent policy of Lasna Begalita which sees the Crown adopting a more "laissez-faire' approach to governance has reduced these tensions to a certain extent.
The Crown's numbers are dependent on the composition of the Court under any given Sovereign.
The Royal Court - Honourable Advisors of the King/Queen
The Court is a highly influential body that exists to help the executive branch accomplish its duties. In other words, the Court advises the King/Queen during the execution of their reign. The Court is hand-picked by the King/Queen and often represents the crème-de-la-crème of Rosebourg society. To be invited to sit on the Court is considered to be amongst the most prestigious of convocations within the Monarchy.
All ministers of the King/Queen emanate from the Court. The most influential minister is the Secretary General, who represents and speaks on behalf of the Court; there are many other ministries who generally reflect the political priorities of the King/Queen.
The Court's composition can be changed at the whim of the Monarch; however, there is a tradition that the King/Queen maintains a large body that consists not only of their blood relatives, but also of a fair share of non-royal blood representing the different sectors of the Monarchy. Certain Monarchs also have liked to keep their Courts changing regularly - some having as many as 12 different courts within a single reign.
The Royal Court has counted anywhere from as little as 300 individuals to as many as 2300 individuals. Often, the Monarch includes his entire family (close and extended).
In the game of politics, the Royal Court only exercises power when the Crown must exercise power - which can from year to year mean the Court has varying levels of influence over Rosebourg politics.
Under the reign of Alexander VIII, the Royal Court is composed of 1600 individuals (50% his direct family (all of them), and 50% composed of representatives from all walks of life).
The National Royal Council - Competing for Power
The National Royal Council in many respects heads the Rosebourg political system. It is responsible for the day-to-day governance of the Rosebourg Monarchy. Although it is considered the "Voice of the People," the Council maintains tumultuous relationships between its voters (who feel greater allegiance with the Crown) and the Crown.
The National Royal Council is a 500-member body, appointed by the three provincial governments of the Rosebourg Monarchy. The composition of the Royal Council is dependent on the policy domain being discussed (meaning those voting on issues of the environment are not the same individuals voting on issues of the industry).
The Council is entitled to propose and pass legislation that concerns the whole of the Monarchy. With the exception of legislation in certain policy domains (defence, foreign affairs, constitutional law), it is entitled to adopt these legislations and turn them into royal law. In the policy domains of defence, foreign affairs, and constitutional law it must co-legislate with the King, meaning both must approve the text for it to turn into royal law. In exceptional circumstances, the Council must co-legislate with the Court.
Local Governance in the MonarchyAt lower levels, the Councils at the various levels can only pass legislation that concerns their level. These laws can if necessary be overruled by a higher instance of governance or justice if it so proves that the legislation is in contradiction with decisions made at the higher instances. The lower levels can, however, appeal such attempts in high court if they believe that the higher levels have overstepped their bounds under the principles of subsidiarity.
The Rosebourg Monarchy has three Provinces:
- Greater Beta Hydrae: Populated by a majority of Navak citizens.
- Greater Avran: Populated by a majority of Avran citizens.
- Outer Province: Populated by a more or less equal split of both Avran, and Navak citizens.
The Judicial Courts - Arbitrators between the Elected and Non-Elected
The justice system operates under an almost mirror system to the rest of the Government. Although under the First Royal Edict (the Rosebourg Constitution), the King, Queen, and his/her Bonded One stand above the law, there has never been a precedence in history whereby the King, Queen, or Bonded One hasn't complied with a decision made by the highest judicial authority in the Monarchy.
The highest court of the Rosebourg Land is the Court Royale de Justice which sits at the same level as the Royal Council/Royal Court. Under the Court Royale de Justice is the Provincial High Courts, followed by the Star System Courts, the Planetary Courts, the Regional, Sub-Regional, and the Local Courts.
The Courts may overturn laws which are in violation with Royal Edicts and in particular the First Royal Edict. They have also over time gained the de-facto ability to overturn Edicts which are in violation of the principles of the First Royal Edict through a number of landmark court cases.
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